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Credit Lock vs. Credit Freeze: Which One Is More Secure?

Credit freeze, security freeze, and credit lock are often used interchangeably — however, there are key differences between them you should know.

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      Once in effect, both a credit lock and freeze prevent new creditors from accessing your credit file. However, the main difference is that you can manage a credit lock for a fee, using an app or website.

      A credit freeze is governed by Federal law and therefore requires more steps to place or lift.

      Credit Lock
      Credit Freeze
      ”Locks” your credit file and makes it inaccessible to lenders.
      “Freezes” your credit file so that potential lenders can’t access it.
      How to request one
      Use a mobile app or service to instantly lock and unlock each individual credit file. You’ll need a separate “Lock” tool for each credit bureau.
      Request a credit freeze with each of the three major credit reporting bureaus (Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax). Freezes and unfreezes can take one or more business days to be completed.
      When to use it
      As a preventive measure to protect your credit file.
      Anyone who thinks they’re personal information has been leaked or they may be the victim of identity theft.
      • Quicker: Credit locks happen nearly instantaneously.
      • More flexible: You can lock/unlock your credit as needed.
      • More secure: Credit locks are often bundled with other identity theft protection tools.
      • More affordable: Credit freezes are free through each of the three major credit bureaus.
      • No renewals: A freeze lasts indefinitely. You won’t need to renew it.
      • Available to anyone: You don’t need to show proof of identity theft to request a freeze.
      • Can cost money: Each credit bureau has a different approach to credit locks. Some offer free tools, while others charge for them.
      • You can’t lock all credit files at once: You’ll need to use three separate tools to lock your credit with all three bureaus.
      • Blocks all credit: A freeze rejects even valid credit checks, like for a car loan or new job. You’ll need to temporarily lift the freeze each time.
      • Need to contact all bureaus: You’ll need to add and remove freezes with each credit bureau separately.
      Free or paid — depends on the service. Experian credit lock is included with Aura’s identity theft protection service.
      Free through each of the three major credit bureaus.

      When Should You Consider Freezing or Locking Your Credit?

      It doesn’t always make sense to have a lock or freeze enabled — especially if you’re actively shopping around and applying for credit, such as a new credit card, auto loan, or mortgage.

      Instead, strongly consider a lock or freeze if you see any warning signs of identity theft or credit fraud, such as:

      • Unfamiliar charges on your credit card or bank account statements.
      • Hard inquiries on your credit file that you don’t recognize.
      • Finding your personal information online after a recent data breach. (Use Aura’s free Dark Web scanner to check if your sensitive information has been compromised.)
      • Calls from debt collectors about purchases you didn’t make or loans you didn’t take out.
      • Sensitive documents or mail are missing (bills, tax documents, driver’s license, passport, etc.)
      • Being denied for loans, credit cards, or mortgages.
      • A sudden change in your credit score — especially a drop.
      • Being locked out of your online accounts (email, mobile banking, social media, etc.)

      If you think you’ve been the victim of identity theft, you need to do more than lock or freeze your credit. Follow this guide on what to do if your identity is stolen to secure yourself from the worst consequences of identity theft.

      Remember: Neither a lock or freeze can protect your current accounts from scammers. It can only stop anyone from opening new accounts or lines of credit in your name. To protect your bank account, credit card, and other financial accounts, consider a credit monitoring service.

      When To Use a Credit Lock

      A credit lock prevents creditors and lenders from accessing your credit history and, in theory, opening a new credit account in your name.

      Credit locks are not protected by law. Instead, they are governed by a contract between you and the credit reporting agency.

      • Credit locks are faster and more convenient than freezes. You can lock and unlock credit files online or via Aura's mobile app using biometric identity verification techniques like Face ID. You can conveniently toggle the credit lock switch on/off as desired from the Aura mobile app.
      • Credit locks can cost money. To lock your credit, you must enroll in a program with the three major credit bureaus — Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. While some of these services are free, others charge a monthly fee to lock and unlock your credit.

      Because you can immediately toggle a credit lock on or off, it's recommended to keep your credit locked at all times. Only unlock it when you apply for a personal loan or to open a new credit account.

      How To Lock Your Credit

      There are three main credit lock programs you can use. Each one only locks your credit file with a single credit bureau. For total protection, you’ll want to lock your credit with all three bureaus.

      1. Equifax Lock & Alert. This program lets you control your Equifax credit report and files for free. You can also access other products including free credit reports and fraud alerts.
      2. TransUnion TrueIdentity. You can lock your TransUnion credit report for free through TrueIdentity. You also get unlimited credit report refreshes and real-time alerts for free.
      3. Experian CreditLock. Through Experian's service, CreditWorks, you can lock and unlock your Experian credit files. It's free for seven days and then costs $24.99 per month.

      Once you sign up, you'll have access to your credit files via a mobile or desktop app. To lock your credit, toggle the settings to "Locked". Toggle it back when you are ready to unlock your credit. This takes only a few seconds.

      When To Freeze Your Credit

      If an identity thief tries to open a new credit account in your name, a lender will first check your credit report and credit score to process the application.

      A freeze on your account blocks anyone from accessing your credit information and can prevent unauthorized accounts from being opened.

      • Credit freezes are free. By law, credit freezes are free to anyone — regardless of if you’ve been the victim of fraud or not.
      • You’ll get access to your credit reports. and offer other legal protections (such as access to credit reports to check for fraud).

      Note: A credit freeze won’t block your credit file from government agencies, companies that provide copies of your credit report, or for employment, tenant, or background screening.

      📚 Related: How To Freeze Your Social Security Number (SSN Self Lock)

      How To Freeze Your Credit

      To freeze your credit, you'll need to contact each major credit bureau and request a freeze. They’ll verify your identity and then provide you with a Personal Identification Number (PIN) you can use to freeze and unfreeze your credit file.

      When you make the request, you'll need to provide your:

      • Name,
      • Date of birth
      • Address history
      • Social Security number

      You can unfreeze your credit report online, by phone, or by mail. Federal law requires credit reporting agencies to lift the freeze within one business day if you call or submit a request online.

      Here’s how to contact each of the credit bureaus and request a credit freeze:

      Experian Security Freeze — P.O. Box 9554, Allen, TX 75013
      Equifax Information Services LLC — P.O. Box 105788, Atlanta, GA 30348-5788
      TransUnion LLC – P.O. Box 2000, Chester, PA 19016

      Freezes last indefinitely, or until you thaw your file. In a few states, freezes expire after seven years.

      📚 Related: The 11 Best Credit Monitoring Services (Free & Paid Options)

      Are There Downsides To Freezing Your Credit?

      • A credit freeze involves going through a series of steps online, by phone, or by mail. If you wish to apply for new credit, you can lift your credit freeze and refreeze it on a specific date.
      • You'll need to unfreeze reports before applying for a legitimate loan, mortgage, credit card, or other accounts that require a credit check.
      • You'll need to lift a credit freeze to apply for certain jobs that require a credit check.
      • Unfreezing your credit takes time. It can take between one hour and a few days to thaw your credit.
      • In cases where criminals already have access to your account (like when you've had your bank login information stolen by hackers), a credit freeze won't protect you.

      You cannot freeze and lock your credit report at the same time. If you want to lock your credit and the file is frozen, you'll need to thaw your accounts first. Only then you can use a credit locking service.

      Placing a freeze on your credit does not impact your credit score, but it'll stop credit bureaus from calculating your scores until you lift the freeze.

      📚 Related: How To Read Your Credit Reports (and Dispute Errors)

      When Should You Use a Fraud Alert Instead?

      A fraud alert places a warning on your credit file that informs creditors they should verify your identity — for example, by calling you on the phone — before opening new credit.

      To put a fraud alert in place, you only need to contact one of the three major credit bureaus. By law, they need to inform the other two of your fraud alert.

      There are three types of fraud alerts you can ask for:

      1. Initial fraud alerts last for one year and can be renewed every year thereafter.
      2. Extended fraud alerts last for seven years. To ask for you, you’ll have to prove that your identity has been compromised (for example, with an FTC report).
      3. Active duty alerts are for service members. They last one year and can be renewed for as long as you’re on deployment.

      Fraud alerts give you more flexibility as you’ll still be able to apply for credit. However, this makes them less secure than a credit freeze or lock.

      📚 Related: Fraud Alert vs. Credit Freeze — Which Is Better?

      The Bottom Line: The Choice Comes Down To Cost and Convenience

      1. Credit locks are more convenient, but are not free of cost. With just a tap or click, you can lock your credit. But services like Experian charge you $24.99 per month. That's why you should try Aura instead — pricing starts at $12 per month.
      2. Credit freezes are free, but take more time. Credit freezes require more steps and take longer to activate and deactivate. However, freezes are free thanks to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
      Keep your finances secure from fraudsters. Try Aura free for 14 days.
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